Dept. of Health: Alcohol-related deaths in New Mexico rose sharply in 2021

(Graphic/New Mexico In Depth)

(Graphic/New Mexico In Depth)

This story was originally published by New Mexico In Depth

NEW MEXICO — More than 2,200 New Mexicans died of alcohol-related causes in 2021, according to new estimates from the Department of Health, capping a decade in which such death nearly doubled and setting a new high-water mark in a state already beset by the worst drinking crisis in the nation.

The data arrive as lawmakers draft bills to reduce alcohol’s harms for the upcoming legislative session.

Laura Tomedi, an assistant professor at the University of New Mexico’s College of Population Health, drew on the data at a late-November hearing of the interim Legislative Health and Human Services Committee.

Tomedi, who from 2013-18 led the Health Department’s substance abuse epidemiology section and served as its alcohol epidemiologist, told lawmakers the state’s death rate had been “going up and up and up” for years. But she described the latest trends — a 17 percent uptick in 2020 and another 13 percent jump in 2021 — as a “concerning, sharp increase.”

This spike in deaths coincided with the pandemic, she said, when “early indications are showing that alcohol use increased quite a bit.”

The mortality data, which are comprehensive estimates of alcohol’s impact on New Mexicans’ health, account for all causes of death brought on by drinking, including injuries in motor-vehicle crashes and violence in which the victim was intoxicated, and illnesses such as liver disease and cancer.

Illness deaths due to chronic drinking made up a growing share of alcohol-attributable deaths, accounting for 62 percent in 2021, compared to 38 percent resulting from acute intoxication, such as injuries and poisonings.

The data relied on updated estimates of the share of certain causes of deaths that were attributable to alcohol, which slightly raised prior years’ counts.

Deaths rose across much of New Mexico, with the biggest increases in Bernalillo, McKinley and Sandoval counties, which together accounted for more than half of the statewide rise.

Historically, the state’s response has not been proportional to the scale of the problem. Drug overdose deaths have been the focus of far greater public effort and intervention, and although they also rose quickly — by 28 percent in 2021 — deaths due to alcohol outnumbered them 2 to 1, according to the Health Department data.

Legislators appear increasingly ready to act. This fall, several legislative committees discussed means of reducing excessive drinking and preventing related illness and injuries.

“We have to do something about it,” Sen. Antoinette Sedillo Lopez, D-Albuquerque, said in an interview. “We need to put more resources into treatment programs and prevention programs, and also raise the excise tax.”

Tomedi focused her remarks on the impact of raising alcohol taxes, which reduce excess drinking by increasing its cost. She said that conclusion was underscored by numerous scientific studies and the experience of other communities. “Higher alcohol taxes were consistently related with decreasing harm,” she said.

New Mexico levies a tax of about 4 cents per 12-ounce drink of beer and 7 cents per glass of wine or shot of liquor. The rates, which do not adjust with inflation, are at their lowest real value since 1993.

At the end of the hearing, the committee endorsed a proposal for the Legislature that would increase alcohol taxes by 25 cents per drink and automatically adjust the rates to keep pace with inflation. The bill, drafted by Rep. Joanne Ferrary, D-Las Cruces, resembles legislation she introduced in 2017 that made little headway.

The bill also eliminates the lower tax rate microbrewers enjoy on their first 60,000 barrels of production.

“It seems like they have been given time to get established, which was the intent for their exception,” Ferrary wrote in a text message, although she acknowledged she had not spoken to brewery operators.

Ferrary intends to bring the proposal to a mid-December hearing of the Revenue Stabilization and Tax Policy Committee.

Sen. Gerald Ortiz y Pino, D-Albuquerque, said he is drafting another bill based on last session’s Senate Bill 207 that would shift some state alcohol tax revenues to county treatment and prevention programs and leverage them for federal Medicaid dollars. Currently, more than half of the funds are put in the state’s general fund and the remainder are allocated through the state’s local DWI councils.

At the committee hearing, Tomedi also raised the possibility of setting a “minimum unit price” for alcoholic beverages, which would prohibit the sale of alcohol cheaper than that threshold. In Scotland, which in 2018 established a minimum unit price of $1.07 per standard drink, alcohol sales fell 3 percent in the three years afterward, according to a report by government evaluators.

Supermarkets and liquor stores in New Mexico sell alcohol for as little as 30 cents a drink.

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