Navajo-Hopi Nations,Flagstaff & Winslow News
Tue, Sept. 21

Clean Hands Project helps fight the spread of COVID-19 on Navajo Nation

Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief Fund staff at the Monument Valley site assemble hand washing stations for distribution. (Photos/Navajo & Hopi Covid Relief)

Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief Fund staff at the Monument Valley site assemble hand washing stations for distribution. (Photos/Navajo & Hopi Covid Relief)

WINDOW ROCK, Ariz. — The Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief Fund is helping to decrease the further spread of COVID-19 by implementing a Clean Hands Project to distribute hand washing stations to families on the Navajo and Hopi Nations that don’t have access to indoor plumbing or running water.

Relief Fund Interim Executive Director Ethel Branch said 30 percent of homes on the Navajo Nation lack indoor plumbing and that is one factor that contribute to the disproportionate numbers of confirmed cases and deaths related to COVID-19 being reported among tribal communities in Arizona.

“Although the Center of Disease Control and Prevention advocates for measures like hand washing to help decrease the spread of COVID-19, many of our tribal members cannot simply turn on a faucet to wash their hands,” Branch said.

According to an article titled ‘Radiation illnesses and COVID-19 in the Navajo Nation,’ published Feb. 3 by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, residents of the Navajo Nation are 67 times more likely not to have running water or indoor plumbing connected to sewer lines than others in the U.S.

Branch said tribes also face a legacy of legal disputes over water rights with the federal and state governments that further stifles progress in funding and building water projects including more comprehensive water infrastructure.

This lack of water infrastructure has been disastrous for both tribes as they’ve faced the pandemic, Branch said.

Clean Hands Project addressing lack of water and indoor plumbing in tribal communities

The idea to create the Clean Hands Project began in the fall of 2020 when relief fund board members identified over a third of the families requesting Kinship Care Packages (that include food, water, and PPE) also lacked running water.

Shandiin Herrera, board secretary and distribution team lead for Monument Valley, Utah, began conducting outreach through local elder centers and community members within her region to further assess the need for hand washing stations. Many residents in her region live off the grid which complicated the outreach effort.


Board Secretary and Distribution Team Lead for Monument Valley, Utah, Shandiin Herrera stands next to a pallet jack loaded with food boxes and hand washing stations for distribution. (Photo/Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief)

“In many cases, it’s very difficult to contact those in need. Many residents of Douglas Mesa and other communities don’t have running water or electricity. On top of this, they don’t have internet or phone services to request our assistance,” Herrera said. “I had to be resourceful in communicating through our community members to assess the need that exists. In this, our teams have been very effective.”

Based on her outreach, Herrera found that out of 400 homes in her region, 175 households didn’t have running water.

Since December 2020, the Relief Fund has been able to provide 60 hand washing stations to communities in Monument Valley, Utah. Herrera said she has 300 stations available and ready for distribution, which she conducts on a weekly basis.

Since the inception of the Clean Hands Project, the Relief Fund found that 3,436 households that have requested their assistance on both the Navajo and Hopi Nations live without running water. These numbers are compiled in a database that guides the Project’s distribution of hand washing stations.

Relief Fund Program Manager Mary Francis said her objective with the Clean Hands Project is to distribute stations based on regional needs while prioritizing elders, confirmed COVID-19 cases and special needs individuals.

“We have a system in place where I delegate distribution to our regional team leads and they provide delivery and assembly of the hand washing stations,” Francis said. “Our strategy is to move from region to region and make sure that everyone who doesn’t have running water will at least have a hand washing station to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.”

What the hand washing stations look like

The hand washing stations consist of a stand that is approximately three-feet in height with a foot pump for hands-free operation of water disbursement, a hand-washing basin, a container that holds fresh water and a liquid soap dispenser.

The Clean Hands Project has distributed hand washing stations in the communities of Jeddito, LeChee, Coppermine, Kaibeto, Kayenta, Black Mesa, Kinlichee, Wide Ruins, Klagetoh and chapters surrounding Gallup, New Mexico. The project continues to monitor and assess regional needs for distribution.

“The elders we’ve serviced have been so grateful for something as simple as a sink to wash their hands in as opposed to using buckets filled with water. They’re often amazed at the innovation of the hand washing stations we deliver,” Herrera said.

Branch and other relief fund members continue to implement projects ensuring that the Navajo and Hopi Nations are pandemic-proof and that provide the tools for tribal members to protect themselves from the spread of COVID.

“It is completely unacceptable for such a large segment of our tribal communities to not have basic amenities like indoor plumbing and electricity. The relief fund will continue to undertake critical projects like this to combat the disparities that place our communities at heightened risk of spreading COVID-19 and its variants,” Branch said. “Please consider donating to our GoFundMe campaign to help us further these projects that protect our Navajo and Hopi families and elders. Our communities appreciate your generosity.”

More information about the relief fund and about donating is available at

Information provided by the Navajo & Hopi Families COVID-19 Relief

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